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What Are Solar Panels and How Do They Work?

The science behind solar power is actually very simple. All you need to know are a few basic concepts and terms, such as photovoltaic effect or electricity generation by means of photoelectricity ̶ the ability for matter exposed in certain ways (such as sunlight) produce electrons when bathed with light.- but don't worry! We'll go over these basics first before getting more technical



Basic Steps in Solar Energy Generation and Transmission

  1. Sunlight hits the solar panels, and creates an electric field.

  2. The electricity generated flows to the edge of the panel, and into a conductive wire.

  3. The conductive wire brings the electricity to the inverter, where it is transformed from DC electricity to AC, which is used to power buildings.

  4. Another wire transports the AC electricity from the inverter to the electric panel on the property (also called a breaker box), which distributes the electricity throughout the building as needed.

  5. Any electricity not needed upon generation flows through the utility meter and into the utility electrical grid. As the electricity flows through the meter, it causes the meter to run backwards, crediting your property for excess generation.

Now that we have a basic idea of the generation and flow of solar electricity, let’s take a deeper dive into the science behind the solar photovoltaic panel. Coming Soon!

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